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Spelman  Evans Downer                                                                                    


P.O. Box 919 Joshua Tree, CA 92252

(h) 760 228 1661

(c) 760 401 9018

Turquoise MultiMedia channel on YouTube


Summer address:

P.O. Box 825 Cooper Landing, AK 99572

mile 49.5 Sterling Highway




Conceived in Washington DC, born in Pasadena, California (1954). Has worked as a visual artist since 1977, with studios in New York City, Santa Fe, NM, San Francisco, CA, Anchorage, AK, Hoboken and Jersey City, NJ. Lives in the Mojave Desert in Yucca Valley, CA where he is director of Gallery Turquoise South. Has summer studio & gallery in Alaska at Cooper Landing on the banks of the Kenai River. Is director of Gallery Turquoise North at that location.


1982              M.A.  Painting and Drawing, San Francisco State University, San Francisco, CA

1977              B.A.  Multi-discipline major; Environmental Design, Stanford University, Stanford, CA

1973              Lawrenceville School, Lawrenceville, NJ


Grants, Awards and Prizes

1998            New York State Council on the Arts, Arts in Education Grant,

                    Accessing Cultural/Historical Information, Workshops at The Museum of the City of New York

1997            Dodge Foundation Fellowship Grant for The Vermont Studio Center, April 1997

1996            Best of Show  International Juried Show 1996, New Jersey Center for Visual Arts

                     Juror; Thelma Golden, Curator, Whitney Museum of American Art

1995            2nd Prize  All-of-a-Piece,  Katonah Museum of Art, Katonah, NY

                    Juror; Robert Storr, Curator, Museum of Modern Art


Selected Solo Exhibitions

2023            Abstracted Directions  The Yucca Valley Art Center, Yucca Valley, CA

2021            Spelman Downer: The Art of Ummapping, Prints, Drawings, and Paintings 1981 -2021

                     The Center for Art + Environment at the Nevada Museum, Reno, NV

2019            Ecotopia North  curated by William L. Fox, Director of The Center for Art + Environment

                     at the Nevada Museum, Reno, NV

                     Gallery Turquoise North, Cooper Landing, AK

2015             A History of Southern California Landscape  Sabbatical Exhibition

                     Copper Mountain College, Joshua Tree, CA

2014             The Art of Mapping: Twenty-Five Years of Paintings by Spelman Evans Downer

                      Founders Hall Art Gallery, Soka University, Aliso Viejo, CA

2008           Rhythm of Life at Black Mesa, Design Proposal Drawings  Copper Mountain College, Joshua Tree, CA

2008           Old and New Work  Gallery Turquoise North, Cooper Landing, AK

2007           Underway  Gallery Turquoise South, Joshua Tree, CA

2007           Cosmic Rivers  Gallery Turquoise North, Cooper Landing, AK

2006           Turquoise Rivers  Gallery Turquoise North, Cooper Landing, AK

2006           Photomerge Photographs  Copper Mountain College, Joshua Tree, CA

2005           Alaska Abstractions  Gallery Turquoise North, Cooper Landing, AK

2005           Kenai Paintings  Kenai Peninsula College, Soldotna, AK

2005           Alaska Aerials  Well Street Art Company, Fairbanks, AK

2005           Seki America  Twentynine Palms Art Gallery, Twentynine Palms, CA

2004           Grand Opening  Gallery Turquoise, Cooper Landing, AK

2004           Earth Goddesses Now  A Roadside Attraction Gallery, Twentynine Palms CA

2003           Considering Copper Mountain  Copper Mountain College, Joshua Tree. CA

2001           Mid-Atlantic Map Paintings  Automatic Data Processing, Roseland, NJ

2001           Sam Citron Gallery, Jersey City, NJ

2000           Art Center on First Street, Jersey City, NJ

1999           New Jersey Center for the Visual Arts, Summit, NJ

1999           New York Life, New York, NY

1999           Educational Testing Service, Princeton, NJ

1998           Lord & Taylor, Fifth Avenue Windows, NY, NY

1998           New York From Above: An Aerial View   Museum of the City of New York, New York, NY

1997           Hudson Highlands Museum of the Hudson Highlands, Cornwall-on-Hudson, NY

1997           Charles Chamot Gallery, Jersey City, NJ

1996/95    Dru Arstark Gallery, New York, NY

1996           Arsenal Gallery, New York, NY

1996           The River Gallery, Irvington, NY

1995           Hudson River Portrait  The Hudson River Museum of Westchester, Yonkers, NY.

1994           Satellite Paintings  American Association for the Advancement of Science, Washington, DC

1993           Alaska Pacific University, Anchorage, AK

1992           Kenai Peninsula Portrait  Pratt Museum, Homer, AK

1991           Artique Ltd. Gallery, Anchorage, AK

1991           Kenai River  Kenai Fine Art Center, Kenai, AK

1991           Mapping the Mid-Atlantic  National Center, U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, VA

1990          Civil War Drawings  The Charles Street Gallery, Fredericksburg, VA

1989           International Gallery of Art, Anchorage, AK

1989           University of Alaska, Soldotna, AK

1989           Mapping America  Visual Arts Center of Alaska, Anchorage, AK

1989           Fairbanks Arts Association, Fairbanks, AK

1988/87/86     Artique Ltd. Gallery, Anchorage, AK

1983                   Clarion Cafe, San Francisco, CA

1979                   Le Mirage Cafe, Santa Fe, NM



Selected Group Exhibitions

2020           Made in the Mojave   Yucca Valley Visual Arts Center, Yucca Valley, CA

2010/12     Faculty Art Exhibition  Copper Mountain College, Joshua Tree, CA

2010           The Earth Through a Lens   City of Palm Springs, Palm Springs, CA

2009-11      Water in the Desert   exhibition organizer and juror

                        Traveling show; Copper Mountain College, UCR Graduate Center, Palm Desert,

                        Mt. San Jacinto College, and Hi-Desert Nature Museum, Yucca Valley, CA

2007           Evidence 11   Copper Mountain College

2007           Landscapes   Well Street Art Company, Fairbanks, AK

2005           EarthWorksNow International Biennial.  Copper Mountain College and Hi-Desert Nature Museum

2005/7      Desert Diversity  Twentynine Palms Art Gallery, Twentynine Palms, CA

2003           EarthWorksNow  Copper Mountain College and Hi-Desert Nature Museum

2002           Survey   Hi-Desert Nature Museum, Yucca Valley, CA

2001           Mission Copper Mountain  Copper Mountain College, Joshua Tree, CA

2002          New American Talent 17   Fine Art Association, Austin, TX

2001           Sam Citron Gallery, Jersey City, NJ

2001           Algiers 2000    Art in Embassies, Algiers, Algeria

2001           Faculty Show   New Jersey Center for the Visual Arts, Summit, NJ

2000           Mapping Cities  University Art Gallery,  Boston, MA

2000           Preserving the Garden; Saving New Jersey Landscape   Art Council of New Jersey, Somerville, NJ

2000           USA - China 2000   Academy of Art & Design, Beijing, China

2000           Jersey City Biennial   111 First Street Gallery, Jersey City, NJ

1999           U.S. Federal Reserve, NY, NY

1999           International Juried Show 1999   New Jersey Center for the Visual Arts, Summit, NJ

                    Juried by Lisa Dennison, Chief Curator, Guggenheim Museum

1998           New Jersey Fine Arts Annual 1998   Montclair Art Museum, Montclair, NJ

1998           Scale   Rudolph Poissant Gallery,  Houston, TX

1997-98     Landscapes Seen & Unseen   Pratt Manhattan Gallery & Pratt Brooklyn Gallery, NY, NY

1997           Aerial Perspectives: Reality, Imagination, and Abstraction      D. C. Moore Gallery, NY, NY

1997-98.    New American Talent 13.  Texas Fine Art Association, Austin, TX

1996           Seoul International Art Fair, Seoul, Korea

1996           Aljira National 2   Aljira Center for Contemporary Art, Newark, NJ

1996           National Juried Small Works   Chuck Levitan Gallery, New York, NY

1996.          All California, All Media   Downey Museum of Art, Downey, CA

1996/97     The Art Exchange Show   Dru Arstark Gallery, New York, NY 

1996           Trenton City Museum, Trenton, NJ

1996           International Juried Show 1996   New Jersey Center for Visual Arts, Summit, NJ

                   Juried by Thelma Golden, Curator, Whitney Museum of American Art

1996           International Juried Show 1996   Irvine Fine Arts Center, Irvine, CA

1995           All-of-a-Piece   Katonah Museum of Art

                   Juried by Robert Storr, Curator, Museum of Modern Art, New York, NY

1995           St. John's University, Jamaica, NY

1994           East-West Cultural Studies, New York, NY 

                   Juried by Robert Storr, Curator, Museum of Modern Art, New York, NY

1994            Dru Arstark Gallery, New York, NY

1994/95     The Hudson River Museum of Westchester, Yonkers, NY

1994/95     Anchorage Museum of History and Art, Anchorage, AK    

1994            Mesa Southwest Museum, Mesa, AZ

1994            Rochester Museum and Science Center, Rochester, NY

1993            Irvine Fine Arts Center, Irvine, CA

1992           Anchorage Museum of History and Art, Anchorage, AK

1991/92     Madison Gallery, Library of Congress, Washington, DC

1991           Visual Art Center of Alaska, Anchorage, AK

1991           Maryland Hall for the Creative Arts, Annapolis, MD

1990           Arlington Arts Center, Arlington, VA

1989           University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, AK      

1989           The Institute for Contemporary Art, Long Island City, NY

1982           San Francisco State University, San Francisco, CA

1979           Artists' Co-Op Gallery, Santa Fe, NM



Nevada Museum

Library of Congress                                                                               

United States National Park Service                                                 

New York Historical Society                                                                

Geraldine R. Dodge Foundation, Morristown, NJ                           

American Association for the Advancement of Science               

University of Alaska, Fairbanks and Soldotna, AK                                           

University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, AK                                   

Herzog-Anton-Ulrich Museum, Braunsweig, Germany

Boston University, Boston, MA      

Lawrenceville School, Lawrenceville, NJ

Carr Gottstein Corporation

British Petroleum Corporation


Public Commissions

2005                 No Opuntias Garden  and  Mojave Mini Mountains,  Hi-Desert Water District, Yucca Valley CA

2005                 Half Henge  with sculptor Simi Dabah, Copper Mountain College, Joshua Tree, CA

1990                 Central Brooks Range  Gates of the Arctic National Park and Kanuti National Wildlife Refuge, Bettles, AK

1990                 Alaska and U.S.S.R. 1988     Fairbanks Chamber of Commerce, Yakutsk, Yakutia, U.S.S.R.

1989                 North Pacific Arc with Iditarod Trail     Anchorage Mural Committee, Anchorage, AK

1988                 Siberia Meets Alaska     State of Alaska and Alaska Airlines, Provideniya, Chukotka, U.S.S.R.

1987                 Petersburg Quadrants   Petersburg School District, Petersburg, AK


Private Commissions

2019                   Pine Mountain   private collector, Pine Mountain, GA

2012                   Municipality of Anchorage   private collector, Anchorage, AK               

2009                  Janis Joplin    private collector, Bentonville, MO 

2009                  Pearl Harbor  private collector, Bentonville, MO 

2009                  Kodiak Island Ship Wreck Site of the U. S. S. Aleutian   private collector, Halibut Cove, AK

2008                  Upper Kenai River   private collector, Cooper Landing, AK

2000                  Parks Portrait   private collector, Kensington, MD

1998                   Central New Jersey Geologic Progression and Delaware Bend 1998 

                            Lawrenceville School, Lawrenceville, NJ

1998                   All of New Jersey   Geraldine R. Dodge Foundation, Morristown, NJ

1995                   Buzzards Bay   private collector, New York, NY

1994                   Delaware Valley   private collector, Philadelphia, PA

1993                   Kenai Peninsula   Alaska Wildland Adventures, Cooper Landing, AK

1991                   Yellowstone Area   private collector, Cincinnati, OH

1990                  Soviet Far East Meets Western North America    private collector, Anchorage, AK

1998                  Bering Strait 1988   private collector, Anchorage, AK

1987                  Chugach Range    Carr Gottstein Properties, Inc., Anchorage, AK

1986                  Large Chigmit to Chugach    private collector, Anchorage, AK



                                                                                                Selected Bibliography


Selected Articles

2023     Spelman Evans Downer: Locations, Conceptions, Sounds      Peter Frank


2022     Mapping Music    David Pagel       

2021     The Act of Unmapping; Cartography, Painting, and Spelman Evans Downer    William L. Fox, Center for Art + Environment, Nevada Museum


2019     Peninsula Clarion, Ecotopia Impressions, Joey Klecka, October 9, 2019


2014     ArtScene, Spelman Evans Downer, Liz Goldner, October, 2014


2014     The Sun Runner, The Art of Mapping, Steve Brown, Oct/Nov, 2014


2007     Hi-Desert Star, Morongo Basin Stock Photography Project, Rebecca Unger, Dec 15, 2007


2006     Hi-Desert Star, The Sacred Catwalk, Stacey Moore, May 6, 2006


​2005     Swiss Magazine, Die Wuste Lebt, (The Desert Rocks), Frank Matter, March Issue


2005     Hi- Desert Star, Exhibit Takes Part in Earth Art Renaissance, Staff, Mar 11, 2005


2005     Press Enterprise, Down-to-Earth Exhibit, Mark Muckenfuss, April 1, 2005


2005     Desert Post Weekly, Forged from the Elements, Dan Carlin, March 5, 2005


​2005     Desert Post Weekly, Earth Works Now, Tom Loret, April 23, 2003


2003     Desert Sun, Art of Nature, Jennifer Chen, April 13, 2003


2003     Hi-Desert Star, CMC Prof. Hopes to Put Earth Art on Map in Basin, Mark Wheeler, March 19, 2003


2002     The Sun Runner, CMC Art Show Sets the Stage for Future Campus Earth Art, Vickie Waite, Summer Issue


2002     Desert Post Weekly, From Earth Day to Earth Art, Vickie Waite, May 1, 2002


2001     Arts Plan New Jersey, Illustrated Edition, All of New Jersey 1998 #1, Painting transcends cartography, p. 7


​1998     Geraldine R. Dodge Foundation Annual Report, All of New Jersey, Cover, Scott McVay


1998     Princeton Packet, Environmental Design, Louise Handelman, May 1


1998     Newsday, Celebrating the Making of New York, Jonathan Mandell, January 11


1997     New York Times, Big Picture: New York from the Top Down, Staff, Dec. 14


1997     Art Market Guide, Contemporary American Art, Richard Polsky


1997     New York Times, Paintings that Take the Long (and High) View of Landscape, Carl Sommers, March 30


1997     Times Herald Record, Giving Landscapes New Form, Chris Farlekas, Jan 10


1996     New American Paintings # 8, The Open Studio Press


1995     New York Times, Landscapes Below, Staff, Feb. 12, 1995


1995     Scarsdale Inquirer, Hudson River Portrait, Staff, Feb. 17, 1995


1994     American Association for the Advancement of Science, Satellite Paintings-About the Artist, J. Murray, June


1991     Anchorage Times, Downer Art in D.C., Staff, Dec. 20


1990     Anchorage Times, The Man Who Makes the Maps, John Foley, July


1990     The Free-Lance Star, Fredericksburg, VA, Aerial Artist: A Birds' Eye View of

              Civil War Battlefields, Daryl Lease, March



Selected Reviews


3/23       Joshua Tree Voice, Abstracted Directions, Spelman Downer and Steve Rieman, JTGOCA

8/07      Peninsula Clarion, Artists Follow the Tides to a Cooper Landing Gallery, Laura Forbes


7/06      Anchorage Daily News, Artists Take Contrasting Views of the Land, Mark Baechtel


11/04     Desert Post Weekly, Exalting the Goddess, Dan Carlin


5/00      Courier News, Preserving the Garden, Mark Terenzi


11/99     Worrall Newspapers, Artist's Work Defies Classification, Joe Lugara


1/98       New York Times, The Metropolis, Glimpses of the First 100 Years, Roberta Smith


8/97      Time Out New York, Aerial Perspectives: Reality, Imagination and Abstraction, Robert Mahoney


12/96     Art in America, Spelman Evans Downer at the Arsenal and Dru Arstark, Matthew Milford


6/96      Review Art, Dru Arstark Gallery and The Arsenal in Central Park, Frederick Ted Castle


6/96      Columbia University, The City Reconstructed, Julie Yufe


4/96      New York Times, International Juried Show, William Zimmer


3/96      Star Ledger, Exhibition Perspective, Eileen Watkins


6/95      New York Times, Friday Reviews, Roberta Smith


6/95      New York Times, Katonah Museum Juried Show, William Zimmer


2/95      Gannett Suburban Newspapers, Downer Strives for Inclusive Oneness in Art, Georgette Gouveia


11/93     Anchorage Daily News, Artists Expanding the Landscape, Mike Dunham


11/92     Homer News, Kenai Peninsula Portrait, Shana Loshbaugh


2/91      TPE Active Arts, Perception/Presence/Progression, Mike Purvis


10/89    Anchorage Daily News, Well-Matched Solo Exhibitions Take Viewers Close to the Land, Jan Ingram



Short quotes from Bibliography

Peter Frank Essay, March 2023

"Downer’s concentration on systemic translation of course identifies him as a conceptual artist. But his is a painterly conceptualism, its various examinations undertaken not simply to expose systems but engage them in the concoction and elaboration of rich surfaces, luminous colors, and patterned networks, abstract paintings gratifying (to make and to behold) both because and despite the data they encode. Downer in effect introduces a layer of complex, even idiosyncratic knowledge into a stratification of effects, leaving nothing undelineated and everything darkly and yet giddily beautiful, elegance bearing eloquence."

David Pagel Essay,  January 2022

"As an artist, Downer is a Realist. His “Map” and “Music Paintings” are attentive, fastidious, and meticulously engineered accounts of his surroundings, the events that have taken place in those surroundings, and, most important, what is currently taking place in them. As an artist for whom accuracy matters, he doesn’t make stuff up. Instead, he pays great attention to the materials he’s working with and to the music he’s listening to, melding both in visual compositions that require him to keep his ego—or selfish intentions—from getting in the way of the paint and the music fusing: the music moving him to move the paint around before his conscious mind has a chance to get in the way of where it’s going. The kind of Realism Downer pursues isn’t depictive or representational. It doesn’t stick to the surfaces of things or settle for getting their appearances just right. Instead, it dives deeper, to capture the reality that does not immediately meet the eye but exists somewhere beyond that, where it can only be reached poetically or metaphorically."

William L. Fox Essay,   January 2021

"Spelman Evans Downer’s paintings are inspired by maps and aerial views, and by geology and the manifestations of civilization as imaged from above. In viewing one of Downer’s paintings, depicting the shorelines of Alaska, the street grids of Manhattan, or the San Gabriel Mountains bordering the Los Angeles Basin, you will end up knowing more about these places than you did before, but his overarching concern is structure upon the planet — natural and cultural pattern, and the intersections of the two."


Peninsula ClarionJoey Klecka      October 9, 2019

“Using maps and satellite images, Downer creates a real-life canvas of a particular area, using oil and enamel paint to create texture and relief of geography and topography.”


ArtScene,  Liz Goldner      October 2014


“His lifelong love of travel, along with his interest in abstract gestural painting and photorealism, has led to his numerous paintings of maps. “The Art of Mapping” consists of five-dozen works painted over the last 30 years. “Transverse" (2008), a large horizontal depiction of an unidentified coastline, is painted gesturally to evoke mid-century abstract expressionist work.”


Peninsula Clarion,  Laura Forbes      August 2, 2007

“Downer has incorporated the influences of a varied artistic background, including references to American Color Field paintings, Abstract Expressionism, Photo Realism and the 2000-year-old Asian art of suiseki rock appreciation and display, into the continuing evolution of his own explorations in painting and multimedia artworks”.


Swiss Air,  Frank Matter     March Issue 2005


“Since moving out to Joshua Tree, the painter Spelman Evans Downer has increasingly devoted himself to site specific installations made from stones and other natural materials.”


Hi-Desert Star, Staff from press release    March 8, 2005 


“EarthWorksNow has positioned itself as an important forum for the current environmental art renaissance in America by showing artworks that contain ideas relating back to early cultures which created a lasting art about the environment and seasonal/human cycles of time. The show also references the land art movement in America and Europe from the 1960's to 1980's, and expands the possibilities of works from this seminal period.”


Desert Post Weekly, Tom Loret    April 24, 2003


“Earthworks, at its core, seeks to reestablish a balance between human beings, our planet, and all creation. …    

I was pleased to meet Spelman Downer. I learned new ways of seeing, thinking, and creating art. It is always refreshing to discover new ambitions and designs for the return of this world to its garden days. Spelman’s skill, knowledge, and enthusiasm makes him a perfect steward of this project.”


Hi-Desert Star, Mark Wheeler    March 19, 2003


“EarthWorksNow, according to Downer, intends to revive and renew what he considers to be a most exciting art form. He further contends it to be an art form which, because of its scope and scale, belongs in the desert. "This basin and Copper Mountain College can be a beacon for developing this genre in an environmentally sensitive way." In the process, he and many others here are hoping that by putting this art form back on the map, the basin's own place on the map will be most fortuitously illuminated.”


Desert Post Weekly, Vickie Waite    April 25, 2002


“Recent abstract paintings are map-like perspectives of the Mojave, oil and enamel on panel, based on desert geology. Expanding his perspective beyond two-dimensional works, Downer is now exploring earth art and altering the land as a form of sculpture. Downer sees a new earth-art vision for the Mojave Desert.

With any luck, CMC may host its next major revival. Downer's art department is embarking on a long term project with an EarthWorksNow  theme for the expanding campus, and to form a program to create, study, and promote this kind of work.”


The New York Times, Roberta Smith    January 2, 1998


"Spelman Evans Downer, a 43-year-old contemporary artist replicates, or more accurately expands upon, existing maps to a highly refined degree.  Mr. Downer's paintings may not do everything you want art to do, but the best of them fuse beauty and fact with dazzling efficiency."



New American Paintings #8,  1996     The Open Studio Press


"Downer's aerial landscapes trace an area's history of development.  These views of the man-made world shows us what we have created on the landscape over time. Downer's approach is to synthesize various forms of visual information and make visible what can only be completely comprehended from an aerial perspective."



The New York Times,   Carl Sommers   March 30, 1997


"…his paintings are often made up of multiple panels, an allusion to the way natural dynamics affect image making:  in aerial photographs, and his works from them, the movement of the Earth puts the frames a bit out of synch with one another, creating a mosaic effect."


Thelma Golden, Associate Curator and Branch Director of The Whitney Museum at Philip Morris

International Juried Show 1996, New Jersey Center for the Visual Arts, Best of Show, Curator's Statement:


Meadowlands by Spelman Evans Downer

"I feel it is a very interesting take on the landscape tradition, an artist looking at landscape in the industrial environment and finding a way to relate that pictorially.  I was also interested in how he combined topography and mapmaking with the painting tradition: how the work, when looked at close up, really begins to show his interest in abstract painting technique; where as moving far away from it, you see his interest in topographical photography. It’s a real artist working with a lot of influences in a very interesting way."


The New York Times,   William Zimmer   June 11, 1995


"The two "Hudson River Portraits" by Spelman Evans Downer are absolute abstractions of abutted panels painted thickly to resemble topographical maps through which the river runs, like a splash painting by Clyfford Still."


The New York Times, Roberta Smith   June 9, 1995


"A show that will grow on you: small, folkish paintings that are wonderfully wrought surprisingly accurate maps of Manhattan-its grids, parks and neighborhoods, and adjacent boroughs, in various colors and points in history."


Art in America, Matthew Milford   December 1996


"In areas where the relationship between nature and civilization is not too lopsided, Downer's work achieves a kind of utopian lyricism."


Art Market Guide 1997, Contemporary American Art, Richard Polsky


"Spelman Evans Downer makes art that draws inspiration from aerial landscape photographs. Downer's work is also informed by the 'Earthworks' artists (Robert Smithson, Walter De Maria, Michael Heizer, and James Turrell).  These artists altered the land as a form of sculpture that couldn't be experienced within the four walls of a gallery or museum.  But their two-dimensional works served more as diagrams rather than works of art in their own right.  Downer could put together an interesting career by doing the opposite; making two-dimensional works that are significant."


Gannett Suburban Newspapers, Georgette Gouveia   February 26, 1995


"Downer's landscapes combine the qualities of topographical maps with those of abstract paintings."


Review Art, Frederick Ted Castle   June 1996

"Spelman Evans Downer tries and succeeds to include everything in his painting of a place. He's not just acknowledging that people have moved the earth around, the way geologically young rivers do all the time, changing course on the flood plain, creating lakes and new deserts. He is really staking our claim (not only his own) as collaborators on the earth's creation."



As Author


1995                 Artists and Maps, The Portolan, Washington Map Society, Washington, D.C. & New York Map Society.

1994                 Second Manifesto of Maximalism, AK Artistic License, Anchorage, AK.

1994                 State of the Art, Art Review, AK Artistic License, Anchorage, AK.


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